Inactivation of Fish Pathogens with Ozone

Inactivation of Fish Pathogenic Microorganisms in Water by Ozone

(*Concentrations recorded as total residual oxidants (TRO))
(SJNNV – striped jack nervous necrosis virus)


Organism Percent Removal Time min Conc. mg/L C x t, Min x mg/L Temp C pH Water References
Bacteria
A. liquefaciens A. salmonicida P. fluorescens 99.9 1.2-5.0 0.10 0.12-0.50 20 7 PBS Colberg and Lingg, 1978
A. salmonicida 100 0.5 0.04 0.02 20 7 PBDW Wedemeyer and Nelson, 1977
A. salmonicida 99.8 0.33 init. 0.010 res.0.04 7 7.2 PBS Liltved and Landfald, 1995
A.salmonicida 99.9 1.0 0.3-0. 4 7 7.8 Fish Farm Effluent Liltved and Landfald, 1995
A.salmonicida
V. anguillarum
V. salmonicida
Y. ruckeri
99.99 3.0 init. 0.15-0.20 res. 0.05-0.07 9-12 6.3-8.0 Lake, Brackish and Seawater Liltved et al. 1995
Enterococcus seriolicida,
Pasteurella piscicida,
V. anguillarum
99.9 0.9 - 1.2 0.089- 0.177* 0.0884 - 0.186* 25 7.95 Seawater Sugita et al. 1992
Yersinia ruckeri 100 0.5 0.01 0.005 20 7 PBDW Wedemeyer and Nelson, 1977
Yersinia ruckeri 99.9 3.0 0.10 0.30 20 7 Distilled Colberg and Lingg, 1978
Viruses
IHNV 100 0.5 0.01 0.005 10 7 PBDW Wedemeyer et al. 1978
IPNV 100 1.0 0.01 0.10 10 7 PBDW Wedemeyer et al. 1978
IPNV 99.99 1.0 0.10 - 0.20 0.10 - 0.20 9-12 6.3-8.0 Lake, Seawater, Brackish Liltved et al. 1995
SJNNV Loss of Infectivity 0.5-2.5 0.1-0.5 0.25 Seawater Arimoto et al. 1996
WSBV Loss of Infectivity 10 0.5* 5 Seawater Chang et al. 1998